Barcelona, Spain, 1893-1983
Considered one of the top representatives of surrealism. In his works he reflected his interest in the subconscious, in the "childish" and in the culture and traditions of Catalonia. Although he is associated with abstract art for his mature style of stylized and imaginary forms, in his youth he began in figuration, with strong Fauvista, Cubist and Expressionist influences, moving to a flat painting with a certain naive air, as his acquaintance is painting La Masía of the year 1920. From his stay in Paris, his work becomes more fanciful and dreamlike, coinciding with the points of surrealism and joining this movement. In numerous interviews and writings dating from the 1930s, Miró expressed his desire to abandon conventional painting methods, in his own words of "kill them, kill them or rape them", in order to favor a form of expression that was contemporary, and not wanting to bend to their demands and their aesthetics even with their commitments to the surrealists.